Last edited by Faushakar
Sunday, July 26, 2020 | History

2 edition of chemistry of the OH group. found in the catalog.

chemistry of the OH group.

Leallyn B. Clapp

chemistry of the OH group.

by Leallyn B. Clapp

  • 388 Want to read
  • 32 Currently reading

Published by Prentice-Hall .
Written in English


Edition Notes

SeriesPrentice-Hall foundations of modern chemistry series
The Physical Object
Pagination108p.
Number of Pages108
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13653912M

is an introduction to organic chemistry, focusing primarily on the basic principles to understand the structure and reactivity of organic molecules. Emphasis is on substitution and elimination reactions and chemistry of the carbonyl group. The course also provides an introduction to the chemistry . Scott has also edited a set of volumes on domino chemistry that was just published by Thieme, and finally, Scott has also co-authored, with P. J. Beuning and D. Z. Besson, a book on teaching and mentoring in science entitled Teach Better, Save Time, and Have More Fun. Selected awards and honors. Visiting Professor, IIT–Bombay,

  OH is an alcohol group (when used as a functional group in an organic compound as it is here) Otherwise, OH is a hydroxyl group when used in an inorganic compound. There are 2 carbon, 7 hydrogen, and 1 oxygen atom. For the cyclic isomers of glucose, one hydroxy group is unique. This is the one derived from nucleophilic attack on the aldehyde functional group. The carbon bearing that OH group is also bonded to another oxygen atom. When that OH group is protonated, the bond between that oxygen and the ring carbon can break to form Size: KB.

We can always call the C=O group a carbonyl group, but when it is attached to an OH, the resulting C(=O)OH structure is a new functional group called the carboxy group or carboxylic acid group found in carboxylic acids whose general structure we show again in Figure where the R group can be H or contain a C directly bonded to C=O. Figure File Size: 5MB. The OH Group in Alcohols (R-OH) (A) R-OH is a Poor Substrate for SN Reactions. R-OH2+ is a Good Substrate for SN Reactions. Haloalkanes from Protonated Alcohols. The OR Group in Ethers (R-OR) (B) Haloalkanes from Cleavage of Ethers. Ring Opening of Cyclic Ethers (C) Epoxide Ring Size: 4MB.


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Chemistry of the OH group by Leallyn B. Clapp Download PDF EPUB FB2

The corresponding covalently-bound group –OH of atoms is the hydroxy group. Hydroxide ion and hydroxy group are nucleophiles and can act as a catalysts in organic chemistry. Many inorganic substances which bear the word hydroxide in their names are not ionic compounds of the hydroxide ion, but covalent compounds which contain hydroxy ate acid: Water.

One of the key properties of the OH group is that is is readily deprotonated. This occurs because hydrogen and oxygen have different electronegativity values.

Group that contain this functional group tend to have higher melting and boiling points than compounds that lack the group. This is due to hydrogen bonding between molecules. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Clapp, Leallyn B. (Leallyn Burr), Chemistry of the OH group.

Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall []. Table of Contents Functional groups in organic chemistry Functional groups in organic chemistry Functional groups are structural features distinguish one organic molecule from another.

They determine a molecule’s geometry, physical properties, and reactivity. Actually, a functional group is an atom or a group of atoms with characteristic chemical and physical properties. It is the reactive [ ]. This is very confusing.

Different sources quote totally different chemical shifts for the hydrogen atom in the -OH group in alcohols - often inconsistently. For example: The Nuffield Data Book quotes -but the Nuffield text book shows a peak at about The.

A group with a carbon-nitrogen double bond is called an imine, or sometimes a Schiff base (in this book we will use the term 'imine'). The chemistry of aldehydes, ketones, and imines will be covered in. Books shelved as chemistry: The Disappearing Spoon: And Other True Tales of Madness, Love, and the History of the World from the Periodic Table of the El.

3) A carboxylic acid has the C atom of the carbonyl group (C=O) bonded to an OH group, as shown below. Even though you would be tempted to label the OH on the carbonyl group as an alcohol, the presence of the C=O completely changes the chemical properties of the OH and it does not have the properties of an alcohol group and is not labeled as such.

A protective group (also referred to as "protecting group") is a reversably formed derivative of an existing functional group in a molecule. The protective group is temporarily attached to decrease reactivity so that the protected functional group does not react under synthetic conditions to which the molecule is subjected in one or more.

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Reaction of the hemiacetal OH group (anomeric OH group) of monosaccharide A with an OH group of monosaccharide B results in the formation of an acetal A–B and water. The formed glycoside is a disaccharide, and the acetal linkage between the two monosaccharide residues is.

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules. The same functional group will undergo the same or similar chemical reaction(s) regardless of the size of the molecule it is a part of.

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